Historians and archeologists are attempting to trace the ancient History of Hunza in the inscriptions carved on rocks near Ganish village. However, these inscriptions have no clue concerning the local settlements and appear like a Guest Book for ancient travelers who traveled from Central Asia and China to India. The origin of the Burusho people as well as their language is a mystery that could never be solved.
Within the historical accounts the neighborhood people relate their origin with all the soldiers of Alexander the fantastic (July 356 BC to June 10, 323 BC). It is known that in 326 B.C once the forces of Alexander the Great was on way back and passed through Hunza, five of the soldiers becoming ill, lagged behind in Hunza. These soldiers made this valley their home. However, here it is also not known that before their arrival there was clearly any human settlement or not. If there is no human settlement in the valley then, here you go not clear that where these soldiers married? It is additionally said that Hunza was not inside the route from the soldiers of Alexander.
In accordance with another theory three (3) generals in Alexander’s army have married Persian women. The generals betrayed Alexander by offering the Persians his plans. When Alexander heard of the betrayal he sought to take revenge, however the generals, wives along with a band of several soldiers fled. The valley of Hunza is assumed to possess been their valley of refuge due to its remote and secure location. Chances are that this Hunza valley was already sparsely inhabited if the Macedon generals arrived. Certainly these tough fighting warriors made quick work of slaughtering the traditional inhabitants of Hunza. Though this really is purely speculation, it is highly probable. The desolate rocky valley could not have access to supported the Macedonians unless some farms was slowly built by others over the preceding centuries.
People also narrate that the earlier settlers migrated within the valley either from central Asia or from Shigar. It is stated that, after the Brusho were occupying major areas of the present day Northern Areas which had been called Brushal but latter the invasion of Shins pushed these to Hunza, Nagar and Yasin Valleys. It is said that human settlement was started in Nagar valley from which people migrated to Hunza. If this sounds like true then there is great chance that this people migrated this region through Shigar. Major tribes of Altit migrated Hunza from Hakhashal; an older settlement near Hopper Nagar.
According to Biddulph , Brushu people conquered Hunza in 120 B.C. E, and after that they captured Shigar and Baltistan. The term “Brushal” comes from Brushu, which can be ancient name of Peshawar. In Tibetan history Hunza is named as Bruza and the people in the area were called Burushos. During 11th century A.D., the shins invaded the region and pushed Buroshos to Hunza and Yasin Valleys. In Hunza they settled Ganish, Altit and Baltit villages or higher to 18th century the local everyone was restricted within these 3 fortified villages. However, Dr Ahmed Hassan Dhani writes the people of Hunza proper are part of Dard race in the Yashkun caste and possess nothing concerning the Huns.
In another account it is known the White Huns – warrior tribes from Central Asia – conquered the Kabul Valley, the Indus valley and also the Northern Areas during the early 6th century A.D. They ruled through several local Shina and Burushiski kings called “Rajas”, who have been subordinate for the Hun Emperor. It is also claimed that the traditional ancestors in the Hunzu Kuts were called Moghul. While rwlgfw through the Hunza valley, their leader Mughal Tithum, was injured when kicked by a horse and had to keep there in proper care of his most trusted men. After recovering he established the communities of Baltit, Altit and Ganish. However, today the Hunza people are from diversified background. People from central Asia, Baltistan, Diamer and several other places migrated and settled in the valley.